【人工智能】研究估計：美國近兩成勞動力或至少一半工作項目受影響 Research suggests around 19% of U.S. workers may see at least 50% of their tasks impacted
研究評估了生成預訓練變換器（Generative Pre-trained Transformer，GPT）模型和相關技術對各行各業的潛在影響，以及GPT的可應用程度。據研究估計，美國約80%的勞動人口中，至少有10%的工作項目會受GPT影響，約19%勞動人口的一半工作將受影響。
另外，研究人員就GPT-4和大型語言模型（Large Language Models，LLMs）進行研究，結果顯示，編程和寫作相關的工作較受生成式人工智能影響，而涉及科學和批判性思維的職業相對影響較少。預計受AI影響的職業包括：
Artificial intelligence is changing the way we work and live, with the impact of generative AI being particularly significant. A collaborative research by OpenAI, OpenResearch, and the University of Pennsylvania explores the influence of generative artificial intelligence on various industries, revealing the potential possibilities of AI in the future workplace.
In a paper authored by researchers from OpenAI, OpenResearch, and the University of Pennsylvania, the "exposure" of work tasks to AI is examined. The researchers define "exposure" as a measure of whether a GPT system could reduce the time taken for a human to perform a specific work task by at least 50%. It is crucial to note that affected occupations will be significantly influenced or augmented by generative AI, not replaced.
The research assesses the potential implications of GPT (Generative Pre-trained Transformer) models and related technologies on occupations, evaluating their exposure to GPT capabilities. According to the study's estimates, approximately 80% of the U.S. workforce could have at least 10% of their work tasks affected by GPTs, while around 19% of workers may see at least 50% of their tasks impacted.
The researchers base their study on GPT-4 and use the terms large language models (LLMs) and GPTs interchangeably. Their findings suggest that programming and writing skills are more likely to be influenced by generative AI, whereas occupations or tasks involving science and critical thinking skills are less likely to be affected. Occupations experiencing or expected to experience a high degree of AI-based influence and augmentation include:
Public relations specialists
Interpreters and translators
Poets, lyricists, creative writers
Financial quantitative analysts
Web and digital interface designers
The study highlights that most occupations exhibit some degree of exposure to GPTs, with higher-wage jobs generally having more tasks with high exposure. Though full exposure doesn't imply full automation, GPTs could significantly save workers time in completing a large share of their tasks. Generative AI is reshaping the workplace in unimaginable ways. While some occupations may eventually disappear, those that harness AI's productivity and power to create innovations and services improving lives will thrive in the economy of the mid-to-late 2020s and beyond.
【ChatGPT】本地大學逐漸放寬對ChatGPT使用限制 Major universities are gradually relaxing restrictions on the use of ChatGPT
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